Journal of Addictive Disorders (JAD)

Breining Institute, a private institution of higher education, and Breining Research and Education FOUNDATION, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, tax-exempt, public benefit corporation dedicated to the education and research of addictions and disseminating results of that research to professionals involved in the addictions field, are pleased to make available this Journal of Addictive Disorders (JAD) as a compilation of scholarly articles written primarily by Breining Institute graduate-level (Masters and Doctorate degree) students, as well as other experts in the alcohol and other drug / substance use disorders (AOD/SUD) profession from throughout the United States.

The copyrighted material presented in the Journal of Addictive Disorders may be copied in whole or in part, provided that the material used is properly referenced, and that the noted citations are used in full. These articles may contain opinions that do not reflect the opinion of Breining Institute or the FOUNDATION, and neither Breining Institute nor the FOUNDATION warrant the information and/or opinions contained herein.

The Articles are in chronological order of their respective publication dates, which you may access by selecting the title of the Article.


The Neurobiology of Today’s Marijuana
Jody Belsher, BA

Medical Treatment: Managing Pain and Medication in Recovery
Stephen F. Grinstead, Dr.AD, LMFT, ACRPS, CADC-II

An Overview of the Relapse Prevention (RP) Model
Brian R, Jackson, MSc

Krokodil: A Monstrous Drug with Deadly Consequences
Danielle M. Matiuk, BA, RAS, CWTS

Stimulating neuroplasticity: Mindfulness and mindsight / interpersonal neurobiology in the treatment of co-occurring disorders
Jack Boyce, JD

Codependency Among Health Care Professionals: Is an understanding of codependency issues important to the therapeutic counseling process?
H. Spencer O’Neal, Dr.AD, LEP, M-RAS, CATC IV

Opioids: Use, Abuse and Treatment
Michelle H. Moyes, MS

Genetic Predisposition: A Review of Primary Chemical Addictions, their Etiology and Possible Implications for Treatment and Recovery
H. Spencer O’Neal, Dr.AD, LEP, M-RAS, CATC IV

Financial Cost of Addictive Disorders
Brian W. Jackson, MS, CAP, CGAC, ICADC

The Supervisor: An Historical Perspective
Jenna M. McAdam, MS, RAS

Leadership in Clinical Supervision
Sally Wynn, MA, MCA, CSC, CAS II

Transference and Countertransference
James R. McKinney, PhD
Rick E. Thomas, MS, CATC

Developing Competent Counselors
Alexis Hernandez-Hons, PsyD, LMFT
John Fulan, LMFT, M-RAS

Professional and Ethical Standards of Case Management
Arron S. Hightower, MA

Identifying Adolescent Problems of Substance Abuse and Caregivers Approach for Treatment and Prevention.
Karl R. Krauth

Genetic Predisposition: Is the Human Organism Predisposed to Addictive Disorders?
Lindsy J. McGowan-Anderson, MS

Comparing the Addiction Severity Index Multimedia Version to the Standard Addiction Severity Index in an Intensive Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment Center.
Nicolas A. Nardone, Dr.AD

Analyzing the Pros and Cons of Multiple Relationships Between Chemical Addiction Therapists and their Clients.
Nicolas A. Nardone, Dr.AD

Nutrition and Exercise in a Recovery Milieu.
Kelly M. Ryan, BA

The Role of Genetics in an Individual’s Response to Mind Altering Substances: Is behavior and, more specifically, the way individuals respond to certain stimuli determined by their genetics?
Cyril L. Sheppard, DrAD

Relapse Prevention: An examination of relapse issues includes consideration of the relevance of this issue, an historical perspective, a survey of existing knowledge on the subject, and ideas counter to disease concept beliefs.
Suzanne Tener Anderson, MA, RAS

Ethnic and cultural considerations treating addictive disorders in a therapeutic group setting, which explores the evolution of race and ethnicity in our society and how these prevailing attitudes express themselves in the therapeutic process.
Nicolas A. Nardone, MS

A review of the literature on methamphetamine to provide an informative overview of the history of methamphetamine, how it is produced and distributed, and the impact it has on the individual, families, neighborhoods, communities and local government.
Alicia A. McKellar

HIV / ARC / AIDS / Hepatitis: An examination of the current state of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), AIDS-related complex (ARC), autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and hepatitis for the addiction practitioner.
Kelly M. Ryan

Current Developments: Can Campral Cure Alcohol Abuse?
Suzanne Anderson

 Ethical Considerations for Addiction Professionals
Cyril L. Sheppard

Professional Ethics: Sexual Relations with Clients / Patients?
Jay-Todd J. Schuder, Dr.AD

Steroids in Sports: Adolescent Use, Abuse, Education and Treatment
Kathleen M. Klug, RAS

Compulsive Gambling: Pathology, Chemistry Exchange, Phases, and Assessment Questionnaire
Steven H. Dakai, Dr.AD, RAS

Substance-related Anxiety Disorders and the utilization of Amino Acids and Herbs in Treatment
Jolene M. Clinton-Helms

PREVENTION AND EDUCATION: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Youth Prevention Programs
V. Vannessa Lindsey, MA, RAS

MEDICAL TREATMENT: Barriers to Implementation of Buprenorphine in Opioid Addiction Treatment
Nikolas B. Adamsson, MA

ADDICTION COUNSELING: Examination of various Addiction Counseling and Therapy Approaches
Steven H. Dakai, Dr.AD, RAS

ADDICTION COUNSELING: The Convergence of Group Psychotherapy and the Twelve Steps of AA
Michael J. Sadler, Dr.AD, RAS

ADDICTION COUNSELING: Chemical Dependency, Anger Management and Depression: A Triumvirate Approach
Jay-Todd J. Schuder

INTERNET ADDICTION: Is the Internet a “pathological agent” includable as a disorder separate from other psychiatric diagnoses?
Steven C. VanGelder

ILLICIT DRUG ABUSE: An examination of illicit drug use and abuse, including the use/abuse of Heroin, Crack cocaine, Marijuana, and “Club,” “Designer” and “Date Rape” drugs: Ecstasy, Rohypnol, Ketamine, GHB, LSD, and OxyContin.
Vannessa Brown-Lindsey, RAS

CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS: An examination of the national trends in drug use and abuse, including the use of heroin, crack and powder cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, Ecstasy and other club drugs, and synthetic opioids.
Craig Burazin

CULTURAL DIFFERENCES: An examination of cultural influences and how they impact the incidence of alcohol abuse among the Inupiat peoples of Alaska.
Steven H. Dakai, RAS

MANAGING PAIN MEDICATION IN RECOVERY: An examination of addiction-free pain management, including effective treatment for chronic pain and substance abuse disorders.
Stephen F. Grinstead, Dr.AD

HOLISTIC APPROACHES TO RECOVERY: An examination of holistic approaches to recovery from addictions, including a discussion of meridians, yin/yang, chakras, auras and subtle bodies, vibrational and other therapies.
Karen W. Weissberg

DUAL DIAGNOSIS: An examination of substance abuse and co-existing mental health disorders, including screening and assessment, detoxification, treatment and discharge planning.
Sally Wynn